Anti-Transcendentalism


Anti-Transcendentalism was a literary movement that could have focused mainly on the dark side of human society.[1] It probably arose around the same time as Transcendentalism. Transcendentalism might have been characterized by optimistic belief in Utopian societies. Anti-Transcendentalism, however, could have been described the true nature of society.
In response to Transcendentalism, many authors may have felt a need to show the public the truth of human nature and the many flaws of the world. Anti-Transcendentalism possibly showed how corrupt the society really was. It could have emphasized war, diseases, natural disasters, murders, etc.[2] Authors may have wrote about worlds with conditions such as these, examples of which include The Scarlet Letter and Moby Dick. Paintings weren't actually but could have been created.


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Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, and Edgar Allan Poe were the "Dark Romantics" of the Anti-Transcendentalists movement.
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However, Hawthorne and Melville were the most monumental writers in this period.

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Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote the Scarlet Letter as a example of how immoral the government was during this time. He wrote this novel to portray the injustice in the punishments they decree. In the Scarlet Letter, Hester was accussed by the government for having another lover, so she was disgraced for the rest of her life by having to wear an A across her clothing at all times. The A is a symbol for adulteror, and by wearing it she has to bear the ridicule of her actions forever







Popular Culture

During the New England Renaissance, Anti-Transcendentalism was a more depressing, if you will, literature that spoke of the limitations and destructiveness of the human race. One of the most well-known writers of Anti-Transcendentalism was Nathaniel Hawthorne. Also Emily Dickinson incorporated his styles of writing during this time.