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Anti-Transcendentalism Key Figures
Anti-Transcendentalism Key Works
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Anti-Transcendentalism, also called dark romanticism, was a literary movement that focused mainly on the dark side of human society.[
] It arose around the same time as
was characterized by optimistic belief in Utopian societies. Anti-Transcendentalism, however, described the true nature of society.
In response to
, many authors felt a need to show the public the truth of human nature and the many flaws of the world. Anti-Transcendentalism showed how corrupt the society really was. It emphasized war, diseases, natural disasters, murders, etc.[
] Authors wrote about worlds with conditions such as these, examples of which include
The Scarlet Letter
. Paintings were also created, including "The Enigma" and "Fading Away". "The Enigma" by Gustaave Dore
Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, and Edgar Allan Poe were the "Dark Romantics" of the Anti-Transcendentalists movement.
However, Hawthorne and Melville were the most monumental writers in this period.
Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote the
as a example of how immoral the government was during this time. He wrote this novel to portray the injustice in the punishments they decree. In the
Hester was accussed by the government for having another lover, so she was disgraced for the rest of her life by having to wear an A across her clothing at all times. The A is a symbol for adulteror, and by wearing it she has to bear the ridicule of her actions forever
During the New England Renaissance, Anti-Transcendentalism was a more depressing, if you will, literature that spoke of the limitations and destructiveness of the human race. One of the most well-known writers of Anti-Transcendentalism was Nathaniel Hawthorne. Also Emily Dickinson incorporated his styles of writing during this time.
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